Glossary


Don't know what that means?

Yea, we don't always know either. Read through the list of terms below to get familiar with hunger-related lingo. Knowing the language around the cause will help you be a stronger advocate against hunger - whether you are an artist, a writer, an aspiring scientist and engineer, poet, athlete, band member and cheerleader... If you want to fight hunger, you’re going to need to know how to talk about it. Brush up on some key terms listed here. Don’t see one that you think we should add? Contact us.

Agribusiness - Agribusiness is the business of food production. It includes farming, seed supply, distribution and more. Business plays an important role in agriculture. It helps farms and farmers to be more productive, takes crops and turns them into food, and distributes food to shops and stores, among other things.

Agriculture - Have you ever driven past a farm or worked in a garden? You’re looking at agriculture. Agriculture includes producing crops, livestock or meat. Agriculture and hunger are closely linked, because without agriculture we don’t have food.

Biodiversity - Biodiversity means having a wide variety of different kinds of plants and animal species in an environment. The more diverse the plant and animal life is, the higher the chance you’ll be able to provide optimal levels of food, fiber and fuel to support health of individuals and communities.

Biofortification - Biofortification is kind of like fortification (see “fortification” in the glossary), but specifically with crops! Scientists have figured out how to breed crops that actually grow with extra nutrients inside them. Cool, huh? Biofortificed plants were designed to help those who need additional nutrients the most.

Food Security - You may have heard of “home security” or “car security systems.” “Food security” is kind of the same thing, but for food. The main focus of food security programs is ensuring that people have enough food and safe access to food.

Fortification - Many people who are malnourished don’t get enough nutrients. Fortification is the process that improves food by enriching it with vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. It’s kind of like taking your daily vitamin, but it’s already added to your food.

Green Revolution - Norman Borlaug, a hero for many and Nobel Peace Prize winner, coined the term “Green Revolution.” The Green Revolution is known for bringing a high-yield grain into the world. This grain helped stop wheat rust,a destructive wheat fungus,and allowed farmers all over the world to grow more food on the same plot of land. Borlaug’s work revolutionized the world.

Hidden Hunger - A deficiency of essential micronutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamin A, and iron that are necessary for proper growth, development and cognition.

Hunger - Hunger is that empty feeling in your stomach. Sometimes hunger can make us feel grouchy, weak, give us a headache or cause pain. People that go for long periods of time without food often lose nutrients. They get sick and their bodies suffer.

Malnutrition - Being malnourished means not having the proper amount of nutrients. If people don’t have the right amount of nutrients, they often can’t digest food or utilize medications properly. Malnutrition can make people very sick, or cause death.

Microlending - “Micro” mean small. So what’s the “lending” part? Have you heard of a bank loan, a car loan, or a house loan? Microlending is a very small loan usually given to those in poverty. The loan helps support individual entrepreneurship efforts. A little cash can go a long way. Believe it or not, microlending helps a lot of people to build credit and employment. This can also increase their chances of having higher access to food and it can promote healthier lifestyles.

Micronutrients - Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals, found naturally in food or added to foods to boost the nutritional value.

Small-Scale Farming - Small-scale farming is the opposite of factory farming. Factory farming is growing a lot of food to feed the masses. Small-scale farming could be in someone’s backyard or on a small plot of land. Organic farming is a farming method often used by small-scale farmers.

Snap Program - The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, which used to be the Food Stamps Program, is a food assistance program in the United States. When you can’t afford to buy food in the United States, the government may issue you or your family vouchers or coupons for food. These vouchers or coupons can be used like cash to buy nutritious food at stores.

Undernourishment - Describes the status of people whose food intake does not include enough calories (energy) to meet minimum physiological needs. The term is a measure of a country's ability to gain access to food and is normally derived from Food Balance Sheets prepared by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).


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Source: UN.org